In the software development world, where everything is so unpredictable, a proof of concept can be an essential tool for predicting, analyzing, and showing your idea’s capabilities.
As an entrepreneur or developer, you may sometimes find yourself in situations where you think that an existing old software requires changes, or your company needs a brand-new mobile app.
However, while you are utterly convinced about your idea’s potential, everyone else may not express their interest in it, or they may neglect your concept, giving it a thought of an unnecessary expense.
Therefore, to make your idea thrive, you will need to calculate and define its viability and feasibility. You need insights on what you need to implement the idea in terms of technology, finance, infrastructure, etc. You also need to prove your concept is technically feasible and desirable to company investors and other stakeholders.
That’s where you will need proof of concept. Let’s see what it is and how to get it right.
What is Proof of Concept?
Before implementing any idea, there is a need for solid and undefiable proof of whether the idea will even work or not. As a decision-maker, you just can’t afford to take unplanned risks.
A PoC or proof of principle fits in here. It answers the big question: whether you can proceed with the hypothesis or not?
Proof of Concept Definition:
PoC is a demonstration of a specific idea or method to prove its feasibility. It is a way of testing whether a particular business idea can be turned into a profitable venture or not. Depending on the type of business, a PoC can take any form — a video representing the idea, described in a document, or an early prototype of the product.
Here are the two results of conducting a PoC:
- Yes, the idea is feasible
- No, the idea is not feasible
If a PoC gives a startup the green signal, you can develop a working model followed by an MVP, which further leads to the development of a full-fledged final product.
What is Included in a Proof of Concept?
While creating a proof of concept depends on your business type, there are certain things that your PoC must include. The goal of PoC is not to find the commercial aspects of a business, and neither should it describe the complete functionality of a product.
PoC just focuses on validating an aspect of software or idea rather than the whole. It should list essential insights that should generate a team’s confidence in a product or identify problems/risks related to its implementation.
Proof of concept in software development life cycle is essential because:
- A PoC document defines how likely users are to adopt or use the product.
- It helps you identify whether your idea is technically feasible or not.
- It lists technical issues or potential risks (if there are any) related to implementation and their solutions.
In the software development industry, there are several types of proof of concept. Proof of technology, steel thread, and pilot project are three widely used PoCs to validate ideas and concepts. Here is what they include:
Proof of Technology
The goal of technical proof of concept is to check and find any technical issues that may arise during product development. The PoT list and tests numerous features of a product and provides information on whether they are compatible with each other or not. It provides development teams insights on where they should start the product development process.
Every risk, problem, and uncertainty that may arise from a technical perspective should be included in the proof of technology.
It is a higher level of PoC as it includes almost all of the product’s properties and not just the technology. It analyzes aspects like design, software architecture, and profitability of an idea or product.
Steel thread is basically like creating a prototype that seeks to be as minimum as possible. For example, implementing a few UI screens of an app or website as a steel thread.
You can consider this type of PoC as a beta version of your product. A pilot project is very similar to a minimum viable product, and businesses can even put it to test to gather feedback. Along with users and stakeholders, it can help you collect feedback from investors as well.
A proof of concept is not just helpful for opening your eyes to any potential problems — it can also help you generate funding for product development. If you have a PoC, you shouldn’t hesitate to reach out to potential investors and pitch your idea.
Now that you know what requires to be included in a proof of concept, coming up next is a real-world example of how PoCs can help validate hypotheses.
A Real-Life Proof of Concept Example
Walmart supposed the blockchain technology to be a good resolution for its decentralized food supply ecosystem. To validate the hypothesis, they created a food traceability system based on Hyperledger Fabric.
They partnered with IBM to test the practicality of blockchain technology in building a food traceability system. One PoC revolved around tracing mangoes around Walmart’s US stores, while the other revolved around tracing pork sold in China. Both the PoCs worked!
With the go-ahead from IBM, the retail giant traced the origin of over 25 products from around five different suppliers using the technology — a fantastic example of proof of concept.
Without investing in proof of concept, Walmart would have been still pondering on whether to invest or not in blockchain technology, leaving it to be in a high-risk situation either way.
How to Create a Successful Proof of Concept?
A successful proof of concept (PoC) precedes the real-life implementation of an idea. A Proof of Concept aims to determine an idea’s feasibility, and it is not a good business decision to overlook or skip it, especially when the business stakes are high.
Here is an illustration of the entire flow of the process followed by PoC.
Here is a step-by-step process you should follow when trying to create a proof of concept (POC) for any software project:
Step 1: Conduct Research and Development
When you write a proof of concept, the first thing that comes into mind is R&D (Research and Development). The tech team needs to conduct extensive research around the history of similar work done or being done across the globe.
If there is none, the next step should be to analyze existing guides, PDFs, scholarly articles, or even tutorials that would act as a key point of reference for the team.
If it is not readily available, consider your idea to be novel, and if it falls in place, it can mark you as a leading pioneer!
However, proving the technical feasibility of a stand-alone project does not have a “How-to” reference.
So, the development team is left with three things:
A. Their instinct that comes with experience
B. Skills that are driven by knowledge, and
C. Curiosity to try something new
Thus, combining the art of technology and the development team’s understanding, a unique path of a PoC is quite achievable.
It may take time to build a PoC. It may sometimes seem infeasible. But, challenging the team’s technical abilities is the key here. Setting your own standards can call for success when a business is still in the developing phase.
Step 2: Specify the Need of Your Idea
Once you are done with research around your idea, it is time to specify who needs it and why. Consider listing user personas your product will target and their pain points to understand your idea’s need better.
However, don’t just assume things here. As you collect evidence at this stage of your project needs, interview your potential users and ask them questions regarding what they desire and need to solve their problems. To make your proof of concept document look more authentic, consider conducting in-depth interviews or online surveys.
Find out your users’ frustrations and list their inconveniences to have an idea of the user experience they expect from the product. Doing so will help you know your users better, and you might consider making some amendments to your idea after getting these insights.
For a detailed guide on how you can know your product potential better, here is an ultimate guide to Product Discovery.
Step 3: Check Your Idea’s Feasibility
To run a proof of concept successfully, you need to make sure your idea is technically feasible.
Along with finding the suitable tech stack needed to implement your idea, you also have to find out the answers to the following questions while checking the feasibility:
- How difficult is it to implement your idea?
- What third-party tools will you need for implementation?
- What is going to be the cost of implementation?
- What about the scalability of the product? Can you grow it to generate profits?
- What are the risks involved in implementation?
You can look for any proof of concept template online or craft it yourself to present the collected answers in front of your investors and other company stakeholders. Once all sounds good, you should look for technical alternatives available to implement the solution.
Your end goals should be to minimize the cost of implementation and the risk involved. It is an excellent approach to collect all the options and do weighted scoring to find which one is the best.
For example, suppose you are planning to improvise the payment feature of your taxi booking app. You have several non-validated ideas in your mind, and you don’t want to spend all your resources testing them. Find out the ways to implement them technically:
You can split the payment between your app and driver automatically when a customer pays for his ride.
You can make it a two-way process by accepting all the customers’ payments and initiating different drivers’ payments every day or week.
Both solutions are feasible, but the technical implementation is going to be different for both. Find out which solution will cost you less and is easy to implement technically. This way, you will not just check your idea’s feasibility but will find the perfect solution to implement it.
PoC Implementation: The Key Expectations vs. Reality
While creating a POC, a good understanding of the expectations vs. reality will keep the business makers informed and help them make an intelligent decision before draining all the time and money.
1. PoC’s Don’t Always Follow the Plan
Turning theoretically existing concepts into practically feasible ventures is the purpose behind building any proof of concept. Although the experts might be having a plan on how to prove that practical feasibility, they may sometimes fall off track.
You should understand that proof of concepts follows a try-and-test trajectory that cannot rely on a consistent path across the process flow.
It is similar to a “Snakes and Ladder” journey, which sometimes takes the team up the ladder and makes a fall.
This is where it is essential to give weight to inner instincts, i.e., it is time to make a data-informed decision.
And, if you are wondering what might cause the snake to bite your progress (metaphorically speaking), the answer narrows down to the selected technical solution simply failing to produce the desired result, technical inefficiencies of the team, financial limitations of the budding startup, or the team not meeting the set deadlines.
Another reason that might hamper PoC development could be a problem with patents. The path to a solution may lead your team through a minefield of patented solutions that you would either have to license or workaround.
Key Takeaway: Accept what comes your way and be ready with a Plan B when Plan A seems off track. Having a broad perspective should be the bigger agenda of the team. Do not stick to traditional software methodologies, as the possibilities introduced by technology are infinite.
2. Proof of Concept is not an MVP or Prototype
The most common misconception that has been doing the rounds in the tech world is that people think PoC is the same as the MVP and Prototype. But, here’s the truth:
PoC (proof of concept) exists to check the feasibility of bringing a technological idea into reality before the startup spends its resources into its building phase. It, therefore, mitigates risks associated with trying something for the first time.
On the other hand, an MVP (Minimal Viable Product) is a tiny or basic version of the real product that exists for market validation.
As and when potential user personas are exposed to MVPs, refinements to the product are made based on user feedback and reviews.
In short, PoCs exist to convince the stakeholders, project managers, and investors whether the idea the startup is working on is worth trying or not.
It is more of a surety that any business entrepreneur would require before spending too much on a concept’s full-scale production.
And, MVPs contrarily are tried and tested ideas that are launched in the market with the intent of getting better with time.
There are user personas involved that interact with the MVPs, who in turn provide feedback based on the digital customer journeys experienced.
Here’s a summarized table that lists the differences between PoCs and MVPs.
Key Takeaway: There is nothing like PoC vs. prototype vs. MVP — these are different terms, and comparing them is not a good idea. Do not believe what others say or preach. Deploy the team to conduct their own research on what a PoC is all about before moving any further. Also, conducting meetings to explain your agenda behind the PoC development process is a good idea.
3. Proof of Concept is Everyone’s Job
Everybody is entitled to their own opinion, and that is a good thing. At least, your startup is giving a platform to everyone to have one.
The truth is that everybody has a different perception and interpretation of the proof of concept.
Be it be prime decision-makers, IT head, development team, or the principal stakeholders, they all take PoC differently.
So, respect each of the parties involved to achieve a common understanding of the goal.
Bringing everybody on the same page is highly crucial, which starts with:
- Defining success and acceptance criteria for the PoC
- Sticking to technical “to-Do’s” over UX design requirements
- Aligning expectations that are subject to mutual interests and decisions
- Having a communication model that works towards keeping everyone informed and updated
- Close collaboration among key people involved so that the PoC does not fall short on loose information
- Having a pre-set timeline for building a PoC and sticking to it as much as possible
Key Takeaway: Build the foundation of the PoC based on three areas, i.e., communication, collaboration, and timeline. Let the critical people involved in building a PoC have a say in what they expect out of the PoC. Do not leave anyone behind just with the intent of rushing things.
4. Your Tech Partner May Get it Wrong
PoCs can be hard to get through, especially when the concept is entirely new in the market.
So, hiring a tech partner could be the right choice owing to the knowledge and experience involved in their case.
If they prove that the technical concept stands a chance to witness the dawn, nothing could be better.
On the contrary, you can also hear a “NO” from the tech head honchos.
Does that mean you need to give up and agree to their words?
Perhaps you should take that with a grain of salt till you see the proof & data behind the denial.
Challenge the tech partners, have some additional documented proof that you can rely on, or when your gut feeling tries to convey a different story, feel free to consult and even engage a different third-party expert to validate because tech partners can be wrong too!
Here are the five mistakes you should avoid when working with the tech partners:
However, that nowhere means that the startup stays stuck upon an idea that has no practical perspective. In simple words, if you choose to challenge the PoC feasibility, know when to stop.
Because if you don’t, the startup will be wasting its resources and time, thus stagnating the business endeavor’s overall growth.
Key Takeaway: Ask for undefiable proof that negates the possibility of the concept. If you decide to take your own course, talk to the experts about your doubts and related queries. Going the extra mile could be your best bet if you believe strongly in something.
Conclusion: What Works?
A proof of concept purely answers whether the technology that is under consideration would fulfill the purpose it is being designed for or not. And, knowing what exactly to expect when building a PoC is ever essential.
When building a PoC for a software development project, these are the common aspects of the app that need proving:
- New-in-the-Market APIs
- Security Technology
- Custom Controls
Taken that your startup is excited to try something untried, hiring a tech partner for app development is the best strategy to try. The decision is similar to killing two birds with one stone, i.e., they will build a PoC and help bring the concept to life.
Thus, a win-win situation!