The first time Tony Stark tried to take his prototype suit–Mark II armor–to space, it failed because of atmospheric ‘Icing’ at higher altitudes. Later, Tony fixed this issue by making use of a gold-titanium alloy with ceramic plating and silicon infused steel, which supposedly doesn’t freeze at higher altitudes.
Tony proved that prototyping is a vital part of Design Thinking and User Experience design because it paves the way to test ideas quickly, learn from mistakes, and improve on them in a uniform manner.
In a similar way, businesses use prototyping to quickly validate and iterate their ideas, which in turn, helps build solutions that create a more human-centered design. However, building a product demands lots of effort, time, and/or money.
Mobile app prototyping tools enable clients and designers to collaborate better while being in the same context instead of having conflicting perspectives. The biggest advantage of using app prototyping tools is: “the earlier we fail, the quicker we learn.”
Now, the question arises, “What are the top web and mobile app prototyping tools based on their ease-of-use and relevance?”
Top 5 Mobile App Prototyping Tools for UX in 2020
There are many mobile app prototyping tools available in the market to deliver digital products. And while using prototyping tools, the two major stakeholders involved in it are Client and your Team.
“If two men on the same job agree all the time, then one is useless. If they disagree all the time, both are useless.” ~ Darryl F. Zanuck
Remember, everyone part of the team may add value to the process. And a prototyping tool helps in real-time collaboration. Following is the trend of the most popular app prototyping tools available in the market:
1. InVision: Design Better. Faster. Together
InVision is a comprehensive prototyping software, which aids in the process of designing user interfaces. It has the ability to create live prototypes from static images as well as wireframes, which, when coupled with functional facilities of the software, can be transformed into the app prototype. This facilitates carrying out transitions such as buttons clicks and creating a layout as per the device interface, etc.
“InVision is indispensable, be it for quick concepting, creating a believable prototype for studies, or for building out interactive specifications.” ~ Chad Thornton, AirBnB
Features of InVision Prototyping Tool
a) Facilitates easy and quick integration with other design tools for more efficiency
b) Supports cross-platform development experience. InVision enables customization of sizes and resolutions as per the design of the device. This feature is beneficial in terms of responsive design and mobile adaptations.
c) Enables easy control and setting project status, thereby facilitating effective project management
d) Offers the facility to create and present mood boards, brand boards, galleries, and style guides
e) InVision provides tools that facilitate virtual communication via the project account, which is a benefit for teams working remotely.
f) Allows you to save the version history of designs, which can be referenced and compared when necessary
- Web Browser
- MAC OS X
- 1 Prototype: Free
- 3 Prototypes: $15/Month
- Unlimited Prototypes: $25/Month
Greatest Strength: Feedback Management
2. Axure RP (Rapid Prototyping): Powerful Prototyping and Developer Handoff
Axure RP is a wireframing and design tool meant for interactive prototypes. It allows users to create basic wireframes, from low to mid-fidelity. Here, users can make portions of a screen interactive while keeping the rest the same. It also enables users to hide or show content as per the earlier interactions. Further, the choices made by the users can also be recalled by the prototype.
“Axure allows us to test everything, even the most complex use cases. Our prototypes look and act like the real thing.” ~ Julie, Managing Director, User Experience Lab
Features of Axure RP Prototyping Tool
a) In terms of widgets and design, it offers basic geometric shapes, headers, texts, and form elements.
b) When it comes to interactivity and animation, Axure RP is equipped with powerful features. It supports various types of interactions such as condition interaction (for executing various operations), complex interaction (for variable functions), and gesture interaction.
c) In terms of presentation and usability testing, users can test prototypes on their mobile devices using Axure Share.
d) An easy-to-use tool, it combines prototypes, diagrams, and specifications.
e) Enables users to create Rapid Prototypes without writing code
- MAC OS X
- 30-day Trial — Free
- Pro — $29/Month ($495 to purchase)
- Team — $49/Month ($895 to purchase, per user)
- Enterprise (includes on-premise solutions) — $99/Month
Greatest Strength: Robust Interface
Here’s How We Built an On-Demand Mobile App Prototype For Frictionless Payments
An Ed Tech Startup approached Net Solutions for a mobile app development project that would address some pertinent questions related to the education sector–aligning the right tutors for the student community and providing frictionless payment interaction between tutors and students.
The Challenge: Creating a mobile app prototype(s) that would fulfill the expectations of the tutor-student community using this app.
Net Solutions built two interactive mobile app product prototypes for the tutor-student community–Teacher Application and Student Application–using the following mobile app prototyping tools:
- For high-fidelity prototype, we used InVision
- For low-fidelity prototype, we used Axure RP
What was the result? Read the case study to know more.
3. Marvel: The All-In-One Platform Powering Design
Marvel is both a web-based and mobile app prototyping tool that can serve both novice and advanced designers, given its simple prototyping process. Its integration with Photoshop and Sketch allows easy import of screens.
“Marvel is a tool in our designers’ toolkit for them to share their work and what stage it’s in with the rest of the team.” ~ Cap Watkins, Vice President of Design, BuzzFeed
Features of Marvel Prototyping Tool
a) Allows you to easily upload your image files even via third-party sites such as Google Drive, Dropbox, and Sketch. It also supports different image types, be it PSD, JPG, and GIF.
b) With Marvel, you can edit images such as changing the background color, resizing images, etc.
c) Marvel provides about eight different project frames to users when building prototype(s). This ensures full optimization of the design mockup for the specific device.
d) Its mobile companion app converts sketches into prototypes by simply capturing the image, which users can further sync with their marvel account. This allows them to build prototypes for the specific device(s).
e) Other than its easy usability, it also serves as a knowledge hub. Its community of designers shares their prototype designs for the benefit of users. Users can also benefit via blogs, tutorials, FAQs, and videos.
- Web Browser
- MAC OS X
- Free (1 user, 2 active projects) — $0
- Pro (1 user, unlimited projects) — $12/Month
- Team (3 users, unlimited projects) — $42/Month
- Company(6 users, unlimited projects) — $84/Month
Greatest Strength: Simplified for Beginners
4. Adobe XD: Design, Prototype, Experience
Adobe XD is a perfect solution for UX designers to design and build prototypes in one go. Adobe introduced the ‘Project Comet’ in October 2015 as they felt there was a need for a new design tool. The tool took on new design philosophy, and promised the designer the ability to “design at the speed of thought”. Project Comet was renamed to Adobe XD once it came out of its beta version.
“It was the closest I’d seen to a jaw drop in a long time. Adobe XD makes it easy for the customer to get the full interactive experience without ever having to leave the application.” ~ Michael Adamson, Client Services Director at Perficient Digital
Features of Adobe XD Prototyping Tool
a) The latest features of Adobe XD includes Coediting (beta), hover triggers, document history, and component states.
The November release of Adobe XD brings more new features than we can fit in one tweet: Coediting (beta), hover triggers, document history, component states and that's just to start! Learn more about everything new in XD: https://t.co/tpJorISXFv #AdobeMAX pic.twitter.com/wt5lnBu0Zo
— Adobe XD (@AdobeXD) November 4, 2019
b) Adobe XD’s “Repeat Grid” feature is a favorite among users for speeding up their work.
c) The designer can easily switch from design to prototype right within the app.
d) Clients can make comments on your prototypes when you share directly, and view designs in real-time on actual devices.
e) Voice triggers and speech playback allows users to prototype with voice.
- MAC OS X
- Starter — $0
- Single App for teams — $22.99/User
- Creative Cloud All Apps for teams — $79.99/User
Greatest Strength: Visuals
5. Sketch: The Best Products Start With Sketch
Sketch is one of the most popular and efficient prototyping tools for designing websites and apps. It is one of the most used UI design tools around. It’s a lightweight tool with a simple interface, leaving designers free to focus on the task at hand.
“I use Sketch for everything! From using artboards to map entire user journeys with multiple streams, to polished interfaces for digital prototypes in my client work…” ~ Alex Durussel-Baker, Designer
Features of Sketch Prototyping Tool
a) Sketch enables the user to transition seamlessly between design screens (artboards), add animations, and create working prototypes with a couple of clicks.
b) Sketch’s Vector shapes have the capability to adapt easily to changing styles, sizes, and layouts, thereby allowing the user to avoid a lot of painful hand-tweaking.
c) Sketch’s cloud interface allows the user to easily share prototypes and receive instant feedback.
d) On Dec 3, Sketch shared a little glimpse with us via Twitter showcasing upcoming features.
- OS X
- OS X
- Free Trial
- $99 for full version
Greatest Strength: Intuitive Interface
Comparative Analysis of the Top App Prototyping Tools
We have come far ahead from the time when mockups were created on paper and then shown to the clients. Today, we sit in the lap of technology that is capable of prototyping.
However, there is no perfect mobile app prototyping tool that we can tag as a ‘winner’ amongst the listed tools. As a user, you will always feel something lacking, but at the same time, you’ll admire the features of each tool.
Thus, making a choice of prototyping tool depends entirely upon the nature of your project. It’s just a matter of matching the right tool to the right requirement of your project.