Outsourcing Software Development: Evaluating the Pros and Cons

Arshpreet
Arshpreet Kaur
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Are you thinking about outsourcing some or all software development? If so, you’re not alone. A recent study by Kearney reported that 90% of Fortune 500 companies rely on outsourcing companies for help with at least some aspect of their software development projects.

As a software development company ourselves, you might expect us to only focus on the positive side of IT outsourcing, but we’re going to give it to you straight. In this blog post, we’ll explore the pros and cons of working with an outsourcing company—along with tips to avoid the potential pitfalls we outline.

Outsourcing services can help you achieve your business goals, but only if you take a realistic look at both the potential risks and rewards associated with it.

Advantages of Outsourcing Software Development

Let’s dive into the benefits of outsourcing first, exploring the various ways that working with an outsourced team can offer you a competitive edge. You’re probably already familiar with some of the benefits of outsourcing, but we’re going to dig deeper and explore each one in a fair bit of detail.

Benefits of outsourcing

Lower Software Development Costs

One of the most obvious benefits of outsourcing is that it’s usually more cost-effective than working with an in-house team alone.

A comprehensive study from the Harvard Business Review found that companies that use outsourcing services reduce costs by 20-30% compared to those that only rely on in-house software development.

That’s an impressive cost savings that will bolster your bottom line, assuming you choose the right partner. Here are the various ways outsourcing can reduce costs.

  • Lower labor costs: Working with an offshore software development firm in places like Asia, Eastern Europe, or Latin America means lower labor costs. Since the cost of living is lower, the corresponding hourly rate for tech talent is lower as well.
  • Hiring full-time employees is expensive: There are many hidden costs associated with hiring a full-time employee. A study from Glassdoor found that the cost of hiring a new employee averages $4,000 per employee, and that cost increases for high-level positions. This includes costs associated with the recruitment process, onboarding, and more.
  • In-house teams come with hidden costs: Beyond hiring costs, you’ll need to cover each employee’s benefits and, in places like the U.S., payroll taxes. You’ll also pay more for overhead costs, from office space and equipment to electricity.

When you work with an outsourcing partner, they handle all the hiring, firing, and payroll, along with equipment and overhead. All this makes offshore outsourcing good for your bottom line.

Are you curious about outsourcing rates? Take a look at our guide to outsourcing costs.

Access To A Wide Talent Pool

A survey from Deloitte found that half of executives at U.S. companies list talent acquisition as a top challenge they face, and this is understandable in light of today’s tech labor shortage.

Rather than searching in your own backyard for developers, offshore outsourcing allows you to tap directly into a worldwide talent pool. Countries like India, Poland, and the Czech Republic are home to a large number of full-stack developers who produce high-quality work at an affordable price.

India in particular boasts a large number of young, ambitious software engineers, a population that the Coursera Global Skills Report identified as excelling in cloud computing and other prevalent technologies. Plus, with over 200 million English speakers, you’re less likely to deal with communication issues.

Flexibility and Scalability

One of the greatest benefits that comes with outsourcing is the flexibility and scalability it provides.

It simply doesn’t make sense to hire a new wave of in-house team members each time a project’s requirements expand or business grows. Nor does it make sense to lay off in-house employees when there’s a lull in work or profits.

Recruiting, hiring, and onboarding new employees is expensive (see the previous section), and letting go of employees is something no leader wants to do unless it’s absolutely necessary.

Outsourcing some or all of your tech needs to an outside company solves that problem. Whether you’re using offshore, onshore, or nearshore outsourcing to support your development process, you can easily add and remove staff as your needs change.

Benefitting From An Outside Perspective

One often-overlooked benefit of working with an outsourcing partner is that outside teams offer a different perspective on your business and your products.

When you introduce a full-service design and development firm to the mix, they’ll have their own points of view. As a strategic partner, they’ll introduce new ideas that break up the tunnel vision and ingrained thinking that can happen in any organization.

An outsider’s perspective can be helpful because it offers:

  • A beginner’s mind: An expert who is looking at our product for the first time can see opportunities for improvement that internal staff might miss.
  • New processes for idea generation and problem-solving: Just as two heads are better than one, two or more teams are better than one—offering a fresh take that delivers new ideas.
  • A chance to break down communication siloes: Companies around the world face challenges with departmental and team siloes forming. Working with an outside partner introduces new voices, shaking things up and encouraging better inter-team and inter-departmental communication.

The benefits, of course, are only realized when you partner with a team that is highly strategic and capable of seeing your big-picture goals, so vet potential partners carefully!

Strength in Diversity

We live in a multicultural world. Whether your products appeal to customers across the globe or in the city you’re headquartered, you’re bound to have people from a wide range of cultures, nations, and linguistic groups using your products.

Working with nearshore and offshore outsourcing firms brings an even wider perspective to your product development efforts. The new perspective we mentioned above, which outside partners can provide, expands even further when your teams span national borders.

Of course, you still need to choose a partner who understands your local culture and operating language, but if you’re dealing with a multilingual, cosmopolitan team in another country, their collaboration with your in-house staff can produce powerful results.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing Software Development

Now that we’ve covered the positive side of engaging the development services of an outsourcing firm, let’s take a look at some of the risks and challenges that may come with it as well.

disadvantages of outsourcing

Keep in mind that these risks are easy to mitigate for the most part, and surmounting them largely comes down to proper vetting. We’ll get into the specifics of overcoming each challenge, but be aware that due diligence will get you most of the way there.

Communication Issues and Language Barriers

Let’s face it, communication among people who speak the same native language and come from the same culture can be challenging at times.

Add distance, different time zones, and different native languages to the mix, and both nearshoring and offshoring can present obvious challenges. Fortunately, avoiding these outsourcing challenges is relatively simple, and it starts with selection.

How to overcome this: Properly vetting potential outsourcing partners will help you avoid communication problems, and it starts before you even hop on an initial call with them.

Review the content on their website to see if they write at a native (or near-native) level of fluency. You may be surprised to see that content produced by some offshoring outsourcing firms is riddled with errors, even though it ranks highly in a Google search.

Even when the grammar is correct, much of it may sound like it was written by someone who lacks a visceral understanding of the English language. It just doesn’t sound right to a native speaker. Avoid working with those firms because if their writers lack a nuanced understanding of the language, their project managers will likely struggle as well.

Once you’ve selected a potential provider whose content is well written, set up calls with your prospective project managers as well as their sales team. Do they communicate with ease and fluency? Do they have systems in place to ensure regular, clear communication? That’s the kind of firm you want to hire.

Quality Assurance

A second potential challenge of outsourcing projects comes down to quality. It may be that your outsourcing partner, whether they’re located across town or around the world, simply doesn’t have the same commitment to quality as your internal staff.

How to overcome this: Once again, if you thoroughly vet your outsourcing provider, you’ve got an excellent chance of mitigating quality control issues.

What can you do to ensure you’re working with a firm that produces quality work?

  • Work with outsourcing companies that have stood the test of time—those with at least 10 years of experience and a proven track record of success.
  • Search for reviews of your potential partner on websites like Clutch.co to find unbiased assessments from real customers. If they have a high rating and a decent sample size (more than 15 to 20 reviews from clients), you can take the reviews seriously.
  • Review customer case studies that outline the work they’ve done in the past and include testimonials from clients. A reputable firm should have quite a few of these.
  • Ask challenging questions about the firm’s processes and methodologies. Are they DevOps developers? Are they prepared to employ Agile or other methodologies based on your needs?

Following these steps should help put to rest general concerns about the firm’s skill set and dedication to producing quality software products.

Security Risks

Cybersecurity is an important topic among executives in the U.S., with 81% of them listing it as a top concern in Deloitte’s latest Global Outsourcing Survey.

This makes sense, considering the price companies pay for avoidable security breaches—from a damaged reputation to a complete collapse of the business. In fact, in some extreme cases, executives and business owners may be held legally liable for security breaches if they don’t handle them properly or they’re found negligent.

When you work with an outsourcing partner, they have access to vital data, so it’s important to work with a reputable firm.

How to overcome this: Only entertain working with reputable, experienced firms, and even then you must be willing to ask tough questions about the protocols they employ to keep your data and your systems safe from bad actors.

Failure to Integrate and Grasp Your Company’s Vision

Every company has its own unique corporate culture, shaped by its unique vision and mission. Working with remote teams across time zone differences can cause a disconnect, leaving outside service providers struggling to integrate and internalize that vision.

Your dedicated team may have all the core competencies you require, and they may fully grasp the latest technologies used in app development, while still failing to internalize your company’s DNA and integrate your core business needs into their outlook.

How to overcome this: Mitigating this risk comes in two parts. First, just as with the other risks of outsourcing, you’ll want to vet your potential vendors and review their case studies.

Do their customers come to see them as an integral part of the team? Or do they just faithfully push out deliverables? Don’t be afraid to ask a potential vendor how they work to understand their clients’ needs, cultures, and missions.

The second element of mitigating this risk is to develop processes that connect remote teams with in-house staff—especially if you’re using a staff augmentation model. Distributed workforces are common these days, and although it requires a little extra work to connect everyone, it typically results in better software solutions.

Choose the Right Software Development Outsourcing Partner

Net Solutions is an award-winning software development outsourcing firm with 20 years of experience, helping startups as well as large organizations with everything from app development to digital transformation.

We take the time to get to know your company, its vision, and its products, and we’ve got countless customer case studies and success stories that testify to the quality we provide.

Talk to one of our experts today to learn how we can help you boost your bottom line and scale your business.

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Arshpreet Kaur
Article written by

Arshpreet Kaur

Arshpreet Kaur is a Lead Business Analyst passionate about resource management and in-depth, data-driven competition analysis. She is a highly motivated and results-oriented individual with a proven track record of increasing team productivity.

Arshpreet’s well-rounded knowledge of engineering concepts and a certification as a Scrum Product Owner helps her handle multiple projects effectively while defining the product vision and delivering value to customers.

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