Consider building websites and web apps like preparing a dish — when you step into the kitchen to prepare a dish, you could grow and prepare all the ingredients from scratch and start making your dish without any recipe. But that approach would consume a lot of time and doesn’t really make any sense. It’s more likely that you would buy all the ingredients and then follow a recipe to come up with a mouth-watering dish.
Coding is very much similar. When you embark upon a path to code a website, it’s possible for you to code every facet of that site from scratch. However, there are a set of website features that make more sense to apply from a template—if you need to add strawberries to your dish, for instance, it’s much more sensible to buy them from the market rather than to grow them.
And that is where language frameworks come into the picture, and in our current context, it’s the JS frameworks.
Then around the beginning of 2016, a quick jump from AngularJS to Angular took place and developers began to embrace the latest flavor of the framework from Google.
In today’s highly digitized and cut-throat ecosystem, where the world is in a rush, time plays an indispensable role when choosing a framework.
The reason why the time factor is vital when choosing a framework is that without the time to study, test, and code that framework, it’s pointless to struggle. In some cases, you will need to deliver a project in a short span of time, so introducing a new JS framework at that moment will definitely cause delays.
Therefore, it’s important to plan ahead on timing, and when it comes to planning, do check the ‘quantity of code’ that the particular framework will make you write.
Apart from quantity, also check the ‘complexity of the code’ that the team of developers will have to write as complexity is also directly proportional to the time to market.
Complexity results in writing more number of codes, which in turn paves the way for errors, initiating a vicious cycle of errors and re-writing codes.
Note the following fundamental rule of programming:
Moreover, apart from the speed to market, there is one another speed that matters—how quickly and smoothly the app runs at the user end.
There are many frameworks that will work perfectly well when it comes to “quick time to market”, but always answer the question: will it satisfy the most important user criterion—performance?
2. Productivity and Performance
It is a fact that ‘performance’ is a critical factor, which influences your decision to choose a JS framework. However, it’s important to make a point here that performance is not the only factor that matters.
Thus, making your decision, based solely on performance factors is not at all an intelligent move. There are many other vital factors beyond performance, productivity for instance. And, it is said that more opinionated framework paves the way for higher productivity.
What is an Opinionated Framework?
For instance, Ember is opinionated to a very large extent. As a developer, you have to do the things the “Ember” way. And, if you have decided to go that way, one thing is assured—you can progress in a really quick manner. React, its competitor, on the other hand, leaves a lot up to the developer.
In Ember, you manage the URL routing the way Ember wants you to.
On the contrary, in case of React development, you decide the way you want to do URL routing, for example by pulling in another routing library. No doubt, it makes the environment flexible, but at the same time, it also slows you down, thus hampering your productivity.
3. Development Cost
The team of developers and their cost — Hiring web developers is not as easy a task as it seems to be. They are well-paid and highly skilled professionals, whose salaries depend upon the technologies they work with. Thus, the cost of your web app development project will depend on the tech stack that you go ahead with.
The maintenance cost of the web app — You have cracked the first phase of the project as soon as you finalize the JS framework that you will go ahead with. However, the second phase awaits you at the other end—maintenance of the code. It is advised to go ahead with the open-source technologies to reduce the maintenance costs of the code.
A new framework always takes birth to solve an existing problem in the web app development world, enabling the developer to deal with the old challenges in a quicker manner, or solving new problems effectively that you were unable to solve before.
This new JS framework turns out to be a magic wand for you, helping you solve your problem in a couple of days, which earlier took months to crack.
However, within a few months of the release of this new framework, you find yourself shackled into other problems—investing an immense amount of time reinventing the tools of the previous framework, rewriting your project using the latest framework, and so on.
Bonus: Resist The Hype!